Arco Neighborhood Sampled
Results Expected in February 2005
Arco neighborhood sampling took place the
week of November 1st, and results are expected in February 2005. A
community meeting will be held with our technical advisor, Dr. Kevin Pegg,
to review the results. An EPA meeting will be planned after the community
has had an opportunity to review the data.
The Arco neighborhood sampling data will
also be reviewed by David Mellard, Toxicologist with the Agency for Toxic
Substance and Disease Registry (ATSDR), to produce a Public Health
Assessment. In addition, the health information provided by Arco residents
at the September 28, 2004 community meeting will be reviewed. The health
information gathered will be evaluated during the Public Health Assessment
to determine if there are common health problems in the area.
David Mellard, the ATSDR Toxicologist, will
use the information gathered from the community and the sampling data to
produce the Public Health Assessment. The public health assessment will
attempt to answer three questions:
1. Has the Arco neighborhood
been contaminated by the LCP site?
2. Have past air exposures when
the LCP facility was active exposed nearby residents?
3. If residents were exposed by
past LCP activities, could their health have been affected?
Depending on the results of the Arco
neighborhood sampling, a second round of sampling may occur to further
determine the extent of contamination from the operations at the LCP
Chemicals Superfund Site. David Mellard reviewed the Arco sampling plan and
believed that the proposed Phase One Sampling Plan was sufficient to
determine if there have been impacts to areas surrounding the LCP Chemicals
While the Arco area is undergoing its first
substantive sampling event, the marsh area adjoining the LCP Chemicals Site
received the third extensive sampling. The natural resource damage
assessment has received far more attention than the people living next to
the LCP Chemicals Site. The October 2004 marsh sampling increased the
sampling density to improve the understanding of chemical distribution in
the marsh flat sediments. If the Arco neighborhood had been given the
attention that the marsh received over the years, we would not be wondering
if there are health risks to people living in the areas around this
Ecological assessments do have an important
purpose, and are helpful in determining if there is a risk to people
consuming seafood or marsh hens from the areas impacted from LCP Chemicals
Site operations. The important difference is that people do not live in the
marsh day in and day out, nor are children's usual play areas located in the
What is Environmental Justice?
Very simply put, if an area, neighborhood, community, or group of people are
treated differently based upon race, color, gender, or socio-economic
status, they are not receiving just and fair treatment under the American
laws and values that we live by. In the case of environmental justice, an
area with potential or suspected chemical contamination or health risks
should be given the same attention, regardless of the race, color, gender,
or socio-economic status of the people living in the area. Furthermore, one
segment of a community should not be discriminated upon by being selected as
the location for polluting industries and operations.
Has Arco Received Environmental Justice?
Ask yourself if St. Simons Island or Sea
Island would have to wait 8 years to resolve questions about potential and
suspected chemical contamination while banks refuse to make loans in the
area due to the uncertainties about health risks. If you conclude that the
answer is no, then it is very likely that the Arco neighborhood has been